Paris Agreement Ireland
Over the past 30 years, the UN, an international forum of national heads of state and government to discuss global issues, has played an important role in the fight against climate change. Since 1992, several agreements have been reached to combat climate change and reduce global warming greenhouse gas emissions. Ireland`s burden-sharing commitments will be concluded in 2020 and will then be followed by the EU Burden Sharing Regulation (ESR). This regulation sets mandatory annual emission targets for Member States for the period 2021-2030. Under the SSE, the targets for Member States are based on GDP per capita and the cost-effectiveness of national emission reductions in each Member State. The final agreement provides for Ireland to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% (compared to 2005) by 2030. This will be Ireland`s contribution to the EU`s macroeconomic target of reducing its emissions by 40% by 2020 compared to 1990 levels. The Paris Agreement reached in Paris on 12 December 2015 is a legally binding global agreement on climate change, which aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change. It sets a long-term goal of limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and continuing efforts to limit temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement requires each contracting party to prepare and notify a nationally determined contribution (CNN) that it intends to obtain. NDCs are submitted to the UNFCCC every five years.
Ireland will contribute to the agreement through the NDC presented by the EU on behalf of member states in 2016, which foresees a 40% reduction in EU-wide emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. All contracting parties are required to submit CNN news or updates in 2020. The U.S. withdrawal will take effect in November 2020. The agreement is legally binding on all other signatories. In short, the goals of the agreement are to stop and maintain global warming in the event of a maximum increase of 2 degrees, to slightly reduce the average of global temperatures by half a degree, preferably to 1.5 degrees, and to support countries to make every effort (including financial support) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In the coalition agreement, the three sides pledged to reduce the country`s greenhouse gas emissions by an average of 7% per year, reaching 51% by 2030. They promised to anchor within the government in the first 100 days a goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2050 and to achieve a „green” economic recovery from the Covid 19 crisis.
The agreement was reached in the wake of international unrest and concerns about the future of the planet threatened by climate change. The forerunner of the Paris Agreement, known as the Kyoto Protocol, was introduced in 1997 and set emission targets, but could not stop global warming and greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise. Despite these agreements, greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise more than they declined. The United States was the only country not to ratify (signed) the Kyoto Protocol and Canada withdrew from the protocol in 2012 because it felt that it would not be possible to achieve its objectives and did not want to face the financial consequences. All countries, with the exception of the United States, participated in the first round of commitments (2008-2012), but a number of countries (Japan, New Zealand, Russia and Canada) did not meet new targets in the second round of commitments (2013-2020). The recent agreement – the Paris Agreement – was an attempt to remedy the failure of past attempts. The specific objectives of the Article 2 agreement are: in 1992, an environmental treaty (an international agreement) called the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was negotiated. The aim of the treaty was to reach an agreement between countries on limiting greenhouse gas emissions in order to avoid significant dommag