The Philippine Comprehensive Agreement On Bangsamoro
The CAB is a five-page, 12-point document that constitutes the final peace agreement between the GPH and MILF. To achieve its goal of freeing bangsamoros, the MNLF involved government forces in large-scale armed clashes that culminated in the early 1970s, when the rebels` glittering operations gave them control of a considerable number of communities around Cotabato City and their airport complex. This led the Marcos regime to strengthen the military presence by deploying nearly three-quarters of the army to most Muslim parts of Mindanao. The case took another turn in 1976, when Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi negotiated an agreement that resulted in the signing of the Tripoli Agreement, which introduced the concept of an autonomous Muslim region to Mindanao. On August 1, 1989, Congress, under the new 1987 Constitution, passed Republic Act 6734,[10″ which approved the creation of the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM). However, of the 13 provinces and 9 cities that participated in the referendum, only the provinces of Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi have decided to be part of the ARMM. THE ARMM was officially founded on November 6, 1990.  For forty years, armed conflicts have been brewing between the Philippine government and various Moro rebel groups, which have attempted to establish an independent Muslim island on Mindanao Island, resulting in an estimated 100,000 deaths and 3.5 million displaced. Partial peace agreements concluded in the 1970s and 1980s, including a 1989 law that brought some degree of autonomy to predominantly Muslim areas, did not hold.
The Philippine government and the country`s main Muslim rebel group, the Moro Front for Islamic Liberation (MILF), finally signed a peace agreement, the Bangsamoro Comprehensive Agreement, in March 2014 to end decades of fighting on the south island and grant more political autonomy to the region. On 15 October 2012, the Philippine government signed a highly mortgaged document, billed as a framework agreement on Bangsamoro, which culminated in the Aquino administration`s efforts to end the deadlock in the peace process. Although the new document establishes only a general framework for the actual peace negotiations, it was announced that „the status quo is unacceptable and that the Bangsamoros will be put in place to replace the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM). Bangsamoro was the new autonomous political entity (NPE) mentioned in the April 2012 decision points. According to President Aquino, this was the agreement that could „finally seal a real and lasting peace in Mindanao”.  with Bangsamoro replaces ARMM, which was described by President Benigno Aquino III as „a failed experiment”.  JicA congratulates the Philippine government and MILF on this landmark agreement, which is a chance to move closer to lasting peace and prosperity. It is JICA`s sincere wish to continue to support conflict-affected areas by supporting the strengthening of institutions and the development of human resources by the new Government of Bangsamoro, the improvement of people`s livelihoods and the improvement of regional development in the medium and long term. – the declaration on the continuity of negotiations, signed in June 2010, taking up parts of the aborted Memorandum on the Ancestral Domain (MOA-AD).
Implementation of the 2014 agreement has stalled: Congress failed in 2016 because of laws that would create an autonomous region for Muslims in Mindanao and sporadic outbursts of violence threaten to further derail efforts to improve stability.